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    Klein has also contended that the roles of Joe and Ben in the business and sport of bodybuilding overlap and thus create a conflict of interest. "Joe Weider can make or break a career," Klein maintains. He argues that a star bodybuilder who appears in Flex or wins an IFBB meet can't promote a competitor's product because if he does, the iFBB will shun him.

    "Klein is completely prejudiced, or he lacks the facts," Ben says bluntly. "There is no way the IFBB allows its sport to be involved with business. Bodybuilding is a sport, and we keep it as one." Take the example of Lee Haney, Ben notes, who once endorsed Weider products, but then signed a contract with a competitor. "Because Haney endorsed someone else's products," Ben says, "they said he would never win another Mr. Olympia contest. P.S.: Haney won."

    "There are new stars coming up all the time and no reason why people shouldn't progress in the sport," notes competing publisher Kennedy. Kennedy says that since he often oversees articles written about up and coming champions, he knows firsthand that success in the sport is not controlled by the Weiders. He adds that bodybuilders who work for Weider are on contracts that allow them to run their own seminars, sell their own merchandise or endorse clothing lines from other companies.

    Klein also charges that the Weiders "indirectly influence the outcomes" of competitions through judging that "can be manipulated to fit a standard the Weiders want by selecting judges who agree with the Weider philosophy of bodybuilding." This is allegedly done in order to ensure that highly marketable athletes will win, which will allow them to sell more magazines and merchandise for the company. But again, Klein has apparently failed to research the reality: There are hundreds of qualified judges within the IFBB who are selected by a panel of IFBB officials.

    "There is only one way to face a contest," Ben says. "You approach the nine judges and say, 'I am president of the IFBB, and if you guys want to continue being judges, you're going to vote my way. I don't want Lee Haney to win, you vote for my new man.' How long do you think that is going to stay a secret? How quickly do you think my life's work, 50 years of work, would be destroyed?"

    Klein's speculation does not define the 'standard' or 'philosophy' the Weiders supposedly use to 'influence' competitions. Such a definition would be impossible anyway. Consider the significant physical differences between former Mr. Olympias. Three time winner Frank Zane is white, 5'7" and relatively muscular; eight time champion Lee Haney is African American, 6' and extremely massive.

    Like any other federation, the IFBB does have a set of guidelines; bodybuilders must possess muscularity, definition, size and symmetry. Ben suggests that the Weider philosophy literally mean the 'Weider lifestyle' or 'total fitness,' not a standard by which judges can base decisions. Every IFBB judges, Ben asserts, votes according to his or her conscience.

    Klein contradicts his statements that the Weiders "indirectly influence" the outcomes of competitions in his argument concerning women. He reports that Ben is "really opposed to overly muscular women," yet in the next breath he observes that the overwhelming number of female champions "keep pushing the edges of that envelope." Using logic, if Ben 'indirectly influences' judges, why do 'overly muscular women' continue to win? In the end, judges must select winners based on their own interpretations of muscularity, proportion and symmetry.

    Several policies ensure the credibility of the IFBB judicial process. First, to eliminate bias, the highest and the lowest score of each competitor is dropped. Second, Ben instructs judges to 'look at an athlete from his neck down'. Forget about who he is. Judge him by his physique'. Ben never attends prejudging because judges usually narrow down the field at that time. If a tie between two or more athletes exists, then the judges make a final decision during the evening presentation.

    "I have never, ever, ever expressed my preferences to any judges as to who should win and who shouldn't," Ben states. Leaders within the sport back up Ben's assertions. "Anyone can win," says former Mr. Universe Mohamed Makkaway. "Bodybuilding is like gymnastics or figure skating, not everyone agrees with the results." Adds Frank Zane, "The only person who doesn't disagree with the judges is the winner."

    To the Future

    Criticism aside, the Weiders are the undisputed pioneers of bodybuilding, whose guiding missionary zeal has turned a once marginalized activity into a competitive and mainstream sport, one that may well number among the Olympic competitions one day. In 1995, for example, bodybuilding moved one step closer towards IOC recognition when it was one of the events participating officially at the Pan American Games in Argentina. But perhaps most important has been the Weiders' impact on the health and well being of millions on nonathletes: "Ours is not simply a sport, it is a lifestyle," Ben explains. "This is our contribution, our life and our dedication."


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    Olympic Recognition
    The Long Road to Glory

    By Ben Weider - April 1998

    On January 30, 1998, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) gave full IOC recognition to the IFBB. This monumental step forward for the bodybuilding movement was due to the drive and perseverance of IFBB President Ben Weider, who never gave up and never wavered in his self - imposed mission to bring bodybuilding into the Olympic family. Ben's dream of IOC recognition goes back to 1946, and this is the inspiring story of how he turned that dream into a reality. This article is from Flex Magazine, May 1998.

    I was fast asleep on the morning of the 30th of January, when sometime around 3am, I received a telephone call from Nagano, Japan, informing me that the IFBB had been granted official IOC (International Olympic Committee) recognition and that bodybuilding was now a sport to be respected the same as other sports.

    Immediately, I phoned my brother, Joe, and my son, Eric, both in the Los Angeles area. Since it was midnight their time, my call awakened them, as well, but they were both thrilled. The three of us were unable to go back to sleep that night.

    The call from Japan was totally unexpected. I had understood that, because of the vast amount of activities that faced the IOC executives during the Olympic Winter Games in Nagano, they would not have time to evaluate the of the IFBB, so, when I received this news, I immediately took off and flew to cloud nine, no airplane needed.

    I am still on cloud nine. I cannot believe that after 53 years of work, "the impossible dream" became a reality. Back in 1946, Joe and I made a solemn pact. We agreed that we would not stop working and we would do everything to bring bodybuilding to the highest level, including official IOC recognition. At the time, we have no idea it would take 52 years.

    In early 1946, Joe and I organized the first Mr. Canada Contest at the Monument of National Theater in Montreal. At that time, the AAU controlled bodybuilding, not only in America but in Canada as well, through the Weight Lifting Federation. Although we had asked for and received a permit from the AAU to organize the contest, on the night of the contest, their Canadian representatives, Charlie Walker and Harvey Hill, arrived and threatened the bodybuilders that they would be expelled from the AAU if they participated. The reaction of Bob Hoffman and the International Weight Lifting Federation was aggressive and mean. They did everything to try to destroy and humiliate us. That's when Joe and I decided to organize our own federation and not be under the control of the AAU.

    Our initial aims for the IFBB were merely to organize a National Canadian Bodybuilding Federation and collaborate with America. That is as far as our thought process went. It was during the next couple of years that we decided to expand throughout the world. We presently have 169 countries as members and are one of the strongest international sports federations.

    The first milestone in the development of the IFBB occurred in 1966, when Oscar State, who was the general secretary of the International Weight Lifting Federation and one of the world's most respected sports administrators, told me that, in order to obtain respect and growth, we had to become an official federation with a proper democratic constitution like all other federations. This was done, and in early 1969, we joined the General Association of International Sport Federations (GAISF), which made the IFBB the only international sport federation to control bodybuilding.

    In the early 1970's, the International Weight Lifting Federation dropped the organization of bodybuilding competitions. The IFBB took over those national federations to wanted to continue organizing bodybuilding competitions. In the mid 1970's, the IFBB participated in the World Games, which are constituted by non-Olympic sport federations and have the approval and acceptance of the International Olympic Committee.

    In 1978, Oscar State and I had lunch with the Lord Killanin, IOC president at the time, in Lausanne, Switzerland, location of the IOC headquarters. When we asked the Lord Killanin about the possibility of obtaining IOC recognition, he responded with his now famous words, "Over my dead body."

    No one man, however, could curtail the momentum the IFBB had gathered at that point, for the rest of the world was beginning to join our cause. During the Cold Was, I was able to visit countries such as the Soviet Union, Poland, Czechoslovakia and Hungary. Traveling to those countries and convincing their Olympic officials to accept bodybuilding as an Olympic sport was a very difficult task, besides being highly sensitive politically; but, with time, I successes.


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    When apartheid was in full force in South Africa, that country's Minister of Sport and Culture, Dr. Piet Koornhof, agreed to allow black bodybuilders to compete in the 1975 World Championships and the Mr. Olympia contest, which too place that year in Pretoria, South Africa. He also allowed them to stay at the same hotels as the white athletes and to eat in the same restaurants. This was the first multiracial event South Africa ever had, and it led to allowing black athletes to be recommended as "athletes of the year". I felt very proud and happy to have achieved this major breakthrough.

    In my efforts to bring the great vast country of China into the IFBB, I met with the Chinese Olympic officials and members of the Sport Federation. After several visits to China in the late '70s and early '80s, they agreed to allow a bodybuilding federation to be organized. Bodybuilding immediately caught on, and we received great press coverage. Once the male bodybuilding competitions were accepted, I worked diligently in convincing the officials that women's bodybuilding should also be part of the program. They agreed.

    Today, both men and women participate in bodybuilding in China on a regular basis, and in 1994, Shanghai was the site of the World Amateur Bodybuilding Championships.

    IOC recognition for the IFBB has been a long, hard road that called upon my deepest resources and commitment. I have met with President Juan Antonio Samaranch on a personal basis at least eight times in order to lobby for the IFBB cause, and both I and my Executive Assistant Rafael Santonja continually supplied President Samaranch with documents and information about our sport. Certainly, President Samaranch was influenced when he attended the first bodybuilding contest of his career at the 1997 World Games in Lahti, Finland. After witnessing the contest, he expressed to me how impressed he was with the bodybuilders, the sacrifices they make during their training, and the results they obtain.

    Other friends and associates have given their all, as well:

    Joe Weider - Have gave me financial and moral support, he guided me with his advice and continuously encouraged me. Joe played the most important role in this effort to obtain IOC recognition.

    Oscar State - He rewrote the constitution of the IFBB, helped make the IFBB a democratically run federation like all the others, and he helped lobby top IOC officials. It is sad that he did not live top see the official recognition of the IFBB, as this was his dream as well.

    Rafael Santonja - A very critical player in this recognition, Santonja traveled all over South and Central America to lobby all of the presidents and IOC members of the region. In over 10 years, he never stopped lobbying IOC and Olympic officials. In addition, he solved problems in numerous countries around the world.

    Pamela Kagan - As Executive Director of the IFBB, she is the glue that holds the IFBB together by solving problems and replying to correspondence within 24 hours of receiving it.

    Kim Nam Hak of Korea and Paul Chua of Singapore - These two gentlemen played crucial roles in Asia in order to get us recognized by the Olympic Council of Asia, which enabled us to participate in the South East Asian Games and the Asian Games. This permitted over 20 Asian National Olympic Committees to recognize our sport and, therefore, played an important role in influencing the IOC.

    Along the way, we encountered much resistance, but I did not allow the naysayers to influence me. I knew that these people were not real supporters of bodybuilding, as their main goal was to humiliate me, Joe and the IFBB. However, the more they tried to humiliate me, the harder I worked, and their efforts only served to motivate me even more to achieve IOC recognition. I felt content with the fantastic support I had from Joe, Rafael Santonja, Pamela Kagan, Kim Nam Hak, Paul Chua and other IFBB officials.

    As great an achievement as this is, it is only another step. My job is never done. We will now strengthen our doping rules even more, and I will continue the struggle until we participate actively in the Olympic Games. On January 2, 1998, Prof. Dr. Eduardo Henrique De Rose, who is president of the International Sports Medicine Association, as well as a high official of the IOC Doping Committee, wrote to Prince Alexander de Merode, who is the IOC vice president and chairman of the IOC Medical Commission, regarding a report about the IFBB's efforts to eradicate drugs from bodybuilding, wherein he states:

    "After I attended two World Championships and one additional competition held by the IFBB, I was extremely pleased an satisfied by the professional and scientific way they handled their doping program. Their doping team was, in any occasion, the best professionals available in the area."

    I am just as excited and energized to work toward our next step, which is to obtain demonstration sport status at the next Olympic Games, to be held in Australia in the year 2000, or the following Summer Olympic Games to be held in Greece in 2004.

    While this is another separate road to be followed, my hopes and aims for the bodybuilders have been realized. My main desire was to see that bodybuilders were respected on the same level as all other athletes in all sports. This had now been achieved. My final goal now is to obtain Olympic participation. This, too will happen.


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    Rise and Fall of the
    World Bodybuilding Federation

    The World Bodybuilding Federation (WBF) was an ill-fated attempt to set up another pro bodybuilding group which would rival the IFBB. It lasted only 18 months, from January 1991 to July 1992. Here is the history of the WBF, by Peter McGough, from Flex Magazine, October 1993.


    It started as a rumor in the late spring of 1990. Wrestling czar Vince McMahon (President of the World Wrestling Federation and TitanSports) was planning to launch a bodybuilding magazine as a precursor to forming a rival pro federation to the IFBB.

    All summer of that year, McMahon and his associates denied they had any designs on creating a bodybuilding federation, saying that they proposed only to produce a magazine called 'Bodybuilding Lifestyles'. In mid summer, it was announced that Tom Platz, one of bodybuilding's favorite sons, had joined the 'Bodybuilding lifestyles' team.

    In order to promoted the magazine, TitanSports booked an exhibitor booth at the 1990 IFBB Mr. Olympia contest to be held on September 15th in Chicago. At the conclusion of the contest, the 'Bodybuilding Lifestyle' staff, in Trojan-horse style, scurried around the Arie Crown Theater handing out a press release that announced the formation of a new bodybuilding federation: the WBF. The release stated that the WBF would 'revamp professional bodybuilding with dramatic new events and the richest prize money in the history of the sport'. Furthermore, Tom Platz had been appointed Director of Talent Development for the WBF.

    Throughout that fall and winter, potential WBF candidates were flown first class to TitanSport's Connecticut headquarters and given VIP treatment. Speculation ran wild as to who the WBF would sign.

    All was revealed at a glitzy press conference staged at New York's Plaza Hotel on January 30th, 1991, when out strode the following 13 athletes: Aaron Baker, Mike Christian, Vince Comerford, David Dearth, Berry DeMey, Johnnie Morant, Danny Padilla, Tony Pearson, Jim Quinn, Mike Quinn, Eddie Robinson, Gary Strydom, and Troy Zuccolotto.

    In recruiting the 13 musclemen, the WBF has flourished megabucks. For instance, it was reported that Gary Strydom had a three-year deal worth $400,000 per year.

    McMahon announced that the WBF's first contest would be held in Atlantic City on June 15th, 1991 at the opulent Taj Mahal casino, owned by Donald Trump. The Plaza Hotel lineup was more impressive than anyone had previously thought, and Tom Platz further said that the signing of other 'biggies' would occur before June 15th. It seemed that a potent force was being assembled, and in reaction to the threat, the Weider / IBFF began signing athletes to contracts. In retrospect, that press conference can be viewed as the WBF's finest hour.

    Eighteen months later on July 15th, 1992, Vince McMahon was reduced from 'kicking butt' to kissing it when he called Ben and Joe Weider, pronounced them the fathers of bodybuilding, and told them he was closing down his bodybuilding magazine production and the WBF.

    Since the January 1991 press conference, the history of the WBF has been nothing but a catalog of disasters, including two lackluster contests that prompted the comment that WBF stood for 'We bore fans'; the Lou Ferrigno now you see him, now you don't farce, and McMahon's involvement in an ongoing drug scandal, during which he had been forced to admit to his own 'experimental' use of anabolic steroids.

    The reason for McMahon's astonishing phone call to the brothers Weider, presumably, was that he wished to ensure he would be able to advertise Icopro products (the supplement he had millions invested in) in Muscle & Fitness, and Flex.

    Having lost a reported 15 million dollars on his foray into bodybuilding, McMahon bowed out, disgracefully, many of the athletes said, as they were left to fend for themselves. After several variations of an appropriated penalty for re-entering the IFBB area had been mooted, it was announced in February 1993 that the WBF athletes would be allowed to compete at IFBB events: the fine being 10% of each individual's annual WBF salary, deducted from contest winnings and guest appearances. Of the 13 WBF athletes, six competed in May 1993 IFBB contests. None of them gained an Olympia qualifying place. The WBF came into being in 1991 with 13 athletes and, after a two-contest lifespan, expired in 1992 with 13 athletes.

    It took a special kind of conceit on McMahon's part to think he could achieve more in two years than what it took Joe and Ben Weider 50 years to build. But if your life's work has been one of being satiated in the pantomime of pro wrestling, it must be difficult at times to know where acting ends and reality begins.

    The athletes who signed with the WBF did so for financial gain. There's nothing wrong for that, and the IFBB, understanding that 'business is business', allowed them to return with a much milder penalty than anyone had first imagined. To those who say there should have been no penalty, how would they explain such leniency to those who refused the WBF's bait?

    The opening of May's 1993 Night of Champions celebrated the return of the WBF athletes to the IFBB fold. Against a graveyard setting, they were resurrected and reunited with their former colleagues. The tableau concluded with the strains of John Sebastian singing 'Welcome Back'. Perhaps the symbolism of that scenario, made unquestionably complete by the reality of an onstage Icopro banner, and the sentiments within the song bear further scrutiny. The WBFers are now IFBB pros, and no future stigma should be inferred or attached to them for the former allegiance. THE WBF story is over and done with.


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    The 1980 Ms. Olympia Contest Report
    Birth of a Tradition


    This article was written by Bill Dobbins, and appeared in Muscle & Fitness magazine, in the February 1981 issue. With the Ms. Olympia now a standard tradition, it is interesting to note how it was started, and how the way of thinking in 1980 was.

    "My God," said the young man, looking in the door to watch the contestants as they signed in before the prejudging at the Ms. Olympia contest, "I can't believe how beautiful they all are!"

    It was a comment that said a lot about the first Olympia for women, as well as the current state of bodybuilding for women in general.

    And, indeed, they were beautiful. In street clothes, high heels, makeup, coiffed and resplendent, it was difficult to image that these same women have so often been accused of being masculine, androgynous, or even grotesque. They were none of those things. They were gorgeous.

    Patsy Chapman, with the cheekbones of a superstar model; Carmen Lusko, possessing the world's most engaging smile; Rachel McLish, with the long ,lean lines of a race horse; Auby Paulick, charm and energy in equal proportions; April Micotra, Stacey Bentley, Georgia Miller, Lynn Conkwright and more - the top professionals, the best of the breed, assembled together to choose the champion of champions, the first Ms. Olympia.

    Of course, in one sense, this was not yet an Olympia at all. You can;'t just call something on Olympia and automatically have an event with the prestige and tradition of the men's Olympia contest. Traditions take time to develop. But you have to start somewhere, and this was an auspicious beginning. Those who claimed it was no more than "George Snyder's women's contest with a new name" were simply missing the point.

    And beautiful as these young women were, they knew full well they were not here for a beauty contest. Facial beauty matters in bodybuilding, for men as well as for women. It certainly never hurt Steve Reeves. But bodybuilding is more than just aesthetics; it has to do with muscles and physical development, and nobody was more aware of that than the Ms. Olympia competitors in Philadelphia. They had worked long and hard for this contest, And they were ready.

    Actually, the contest was only one aspect of an entire weekend devoted to bodybuilding. The Association, in the persons of George Snyder, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Franco Columbu and Bill Drake, had planned two days of seminars (featuring such star as Arnold, Franco, Frank Zane, Mike Mentzer and Danny Padilla), a display of some of the latest developments in exercise equipment and health industry products, and a huge banquet preceding the finals of the contest.

    "The turnout is fantastic," George Snyder told me the afternoon of the contest. "I have had to turn away almost 1,000 people. And more request keep coming in!"

    George had expected a good turnout, but this was something else. Actually, the underestimation of audience interest led to the only problem of the weekend - the prejudging was held without an audience, since George did not think that enough people would be interested to justify selling tickets. But the crowd of fans, hanging outside the hall proved him wrong.

    "What happened," George explained, "is that we wanted to use the main auditorium for the seminars, so we decided to use a smaller room upstairs for the prejudging. I had no idea so many people would want to see it, Believe me, next you we are going to make sure that tickets to the prejudging are available. As far as I am concerned, if bodybuilding fans want something, they ought to get it. That;s what makes good shows, and good shows are what we are interested in producing."

    And so the women stood before the judges and the prejudging began. Dressed in posing costumes, their full muscularity revealed to the eye, there was no doubt now that these women were, indeed, bodybuilders. They were lean and hard, and the shapeliness of their bodies came from the fullness of muscle rather than the padding of fat.

    There were 21 contestants in all. Only a handful were not in top shape, and there was one competitor who had no business being in that contest. But Snyder, recognizing the nature of the contest he was presenting, had decided to be lenient in accepting entries.

    "The original idea," he said "was that an Olympia should only have contestants who had won national titles. But when I looked into it, I realized that a lot of the so-called 'national' titles some of the women had won were really just local competitions with big names - and that some of the best women bodybuilders around might be left out if we tried to be too rigid about the whole thing."

    Instead, it was decided to open up the contest to professional women bodybuilders who had won a legitimate competition, and to gradually narrow the qualifications year by year as bodybuilding for women grew and contests proliferated.

    "Doing it this way," Snyder went on, "is better for bodybuilding, for the women and especially for the audience, since it gives them a better show. And, let's face it, if we don't have an audience, women's bodybuilding is going nowhere. The fans are what makes the whole thing possible."

    As Christine Zane, Valerie Coe, Sven-Ole Thorson, Harold Poole, Dan Howard, Mike Katz and Doris Barrilleaux began their long day's work as judges, the seminars were getting underway downstairs. Arnold led off, discussing the psychology of bodybuilding, and was followed by Franco on injuries, Zane talking about nutrition, John Balik answering questions about steroids, and Dr. Anita Columbu discussing women's training.

    When Arnold stood up to address the audience, it was immediately apparent how much bigger he had become, and that he must be back in serious training, But there was as yet no hint of his plans for a comeback.

    Upstairs, the prejudging was proceeding according to the normal IFBB rules, identical to those used in the Mr.Olympia. There were three rounds in the afternoon:

    1. Standing relaxed, viewed from all four sides;
    2. Compulsory poses, six in all: two front poses, two back, arms over the head in one, lowered in the other; and two side shots, one from each side.
    3. Free posing (the individual's own posing routine).

    In the evening, there would be another round of free posing, and a posedown, in which each judge would pick one competitor as the winner. For each first place vote received, a competitor would have one point added to her overall score.

    Rachel McLish appeared to be the immediate front runner. This was only her third contest, but she had won impressively in the Atlantic City competition earlier in the year, did well in the Zane contest, and now looked even better in Philadelphia. It was by no means a sure thing, but there was no doubt that she was the one to beat.


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    Some of the best known women were, unfortunately, not in their best shape. Patsy Chapman displayed beautiful shape and proportion as usual, but she was way too smooth. Stacey Bentley was also not as cut up as she had been at the Zane contest. "I guess I've just tried to enter too many contests in a row, do too many exhibitions, and stay in training too long," she admitted later. "I've seen it happen to the men, and now I know it can happen to me, too."

    A quiet, unobtrusive photographer, armed only with two very small, old fashioned Leicas, took shots continuously This was George Butler, who had shot the photographs for the book version of Pumping Iron. At Philadelphia, he was taking pictures for an updated version that will include woman's bodybuilding.

    When the prejudging concluded, it was pretty clear how the battle for first was shaping up. Rachel McLish, no doubt, was a a top contender. But she was getting some close competition from a petite blond dynamo named Auby Paulick, who was experiencing her first national level contest.

    That night, the auditorium of the Sheraton in Philadelphia filled up early for the banquet. Among the hundreds of diners, the competitors say and (most) ate sparingly. In a short time, they would be called backstage to get ready and the show would begin.

    After dinner, the audience was treated to a number of guest posers. Ron Teufel got a warm welcome, and came out looking perhaps a little better than he would at the Mr. America a week later. Mike Mentzer appeared, thick as a house. Frank Zane looked somewhat drawn and tired, a result of a training accident in early August.

    The high point of the exhibitions was, to my mind, the dual posing routine of Boyer and Valerie Coe. For one thing, Boyer was in phenomenal shape, keeping to his timetable that called for him to peak for the Mr. Olympia. But more than that, there was the excellence of the routine itself: a combination of athletic and aesthetic elements that few men and women teams have achieved. It was like a pairs skating routine, with Boyer displaying power and athleticism in a number of well executed lifts, and Valerie flowing with his movements as if she were unconfined by gravity.

    Now it was time for the show itself. Back in the small dressing rooms, unlike at the men's events, the women were cheerful and bubbling. No drawn faces and withdrawn personalities here. Just some nervous anticipation, a lot of excitement, and competitors pitching in to apply oil to the nearest back.

    Second competitor out was Anniqa Fors, a beautiful blonde Danish girl and discovered by Sven-Ole Thorsen. Anniqa is really just a beginner at bodybuilding but she showed enormous potential. Later we saw Corinne Machado, who showed such quality of development that it was certain she would place well; and then there was Auby Paulick.

    Auby took the stage the way Patton took Sicily. She sent beams of energy into the audience, and the people responded with by far the most enthusiasm of the evening. Auby, it turns out, had had considerable experience as a professional dancer back in her native Michigan, and she is no stranger to playing to crowds. If the contest were to have been decided purely on the basis of audience response to this last round, she would have emerged the clear winner.

    It was almost unfair to ask Lynn Conkwright to follow such an act, but if somebody had to do it, she was a good choice. Lynn has such enormous strength and control of her body, she's able to do things in her posing routine that many other cannot, and the audience quickly caught on and gave her their arrival.

    Then Rachel McLish came out. Her routine was careful and precise, well though out, but it lacked something - perhaps a certain dynamism, the right kind of energy. It seemed a bit too "ladylike." But at the same time, the quality of her physique was unmistakable, so perhaps the routine served its purpose. "What a thoroughbred!" Mike Mentzer said in admiration, and that about sums it up.

    After all the contestants had completed their posing routines, the top five were called out for a posedown: Rachel McLish, Auby Paulick, Lynn Conkwright, Corinne Machado and Stacey Bentley. If the contest was close, this was a chance for the competitors to make up the difference, and they worked as hard as any lineup of male professionals. And then we got the judge's decision. The winner was Rachel, followed by Auby, Lynn, Corinne and Stacey. It was over. The first Ms. Olympia had been awarded.

    Many in the audience were surprised that Auby Paulick hadn't won. After all the spectators hadn't seen the prejudging, so they could only go on what had happened onstage during the evening show. And Auby had clearly dominated that aspect of the show as far as the crowd as concerned. But if we take a closer look at the scoring for all three rounds i becomes apparent what happened. The scoring in the prejudging for Rachel and Auby went like this:

    Name Round 1 Round 2 Round 3 Total
    Rachel McLish 98 99 99 296
    Auby Paulick 91 97 99 286

    Notice that, as the rounds progressed, Auby got better and better scores. The reason for this is obvious. Rachel possessed the superior physique. Standing relaxed, it was obvious. When they did their compulsory poses, however, and Auby was able to move, she scored better. When the third round came, and she could use her own posing routine, her score was the equal of Rachel's

    In the final round at the evening show, not all the judges participated, so the highest possible score was 80 rather than 100. This is how the scoring went:

    Name Round 4 First Place Votes Total
    Rachel McLish 79 4 379
    Auby Paulick 79 3 368

    Once again, Auby tied Rachel, but she was too far behind to win even if all seven judges had voted for her. but the question in the audience would have asked is why Auby, who got such a great response from the crowd, didn't score higher than Rachel?

    "Auby did a fantastic job of entertaining the audience", one judge told me (a judge, incidentally, who gave Auby one of her first place votes), "but we weren't there to judge a popularity contest. A lot of what she did onstage had nothing to do with bodybuilding. But, as far as presenting her physique was concerned ,I thought she did well and I scored her pretty high. Although Rachel didn't come on to the audience the way Auby did, she also presented her physique well, and I scored her high, too."

    Rachel, it seemed, showed an attachment to her ballet training, and may have approached her posing from somewhat too conservative an angle. But this was only her third contest, so she will no doubt develop new routines in the future.

    Auby had admittedly not been training very long, and has never trained consistently heavy enough to develop a full muscular shape like Rachel. But the development she has already achieved indicates she had extraordinary potential. If she keeps it up, she had a great future in bodybuilding.

    Rachel and Auby are both attractive, charismatic, and are good representatives of the sport. But it speaks well for the Ms. Olympia contest, the judges involved and women's bodybuilding as a whole that, when it came down to the wire, the best physique won the day.

    When that happens, everybody wins; when it doesn't, we all lose.

    For a complete listing of the Ms. Olympia contest winners, check out the

    Ms. Olympia Contest Results.


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    FLEX Magazine's Cover Analysis
    April 1983 - August 2000


    Compiled by Joe Roark, the official IFBB Men's Historian, this is an analysis of the first 17 years of FLEX magazine's cover. Cover appearances were counted whether subjects were used as a main image or an inset. Total number of competitors / models were 148, with 91 being male, and 57 female. Additional years by Ron Avidan.

    Cover
    Appearances Name
    21 Shawn Ray

    19 Dorian Yates
    19 Arnold Schwarzenneger

    13 Cory Everson

    11 Nasser El Sonbaty
    11 Frank Zane

    10 Rich Gaspari
    10 Kevin Levrone

    9 Sharon Brueneau
    9 Lou Ferrigno
    9 Lee Priest

    8 Paul Dillett
    8 Lee Haney

    7 Monica Brant
    7 Flex Wheeler

    6 Mike Christian
    6 Chris Cormier
    6 Lee Labrada
    6 Mike Matarazzo
    6 Lenda Murray
    6 Gary Strydom

    5 Achim Albrecht
    5 Ronnie Coleman
    5 Mohammed El Makkawy
    5 Tom Platz
    5 Eddie Robinson

    4 Porter Cottrell
    4 Dennis Newman
    4 Mike Quinn
    4 Craig Titus
    4 Troy Zuccolotto

    3 Flavio Baccianini
    3 Albert Beckles
    3 Melissa Coates
    3 Paul DeMayo
    3 Barry DeMey
    3 Mike Francois
    3 Errica Kern
    3 Minna Lessig
    3 Don Long
    3 Rachel McLish
    3 Mae Mollica
    3 Andreas Munzer
    3 Gladys Portugues
    3 Vince Taylor
    3 Jean-Pierre Fux

    2 Samir Bannout
    2 Laura Bass
    2 Andreas Cahling
    2 Jay Cutler
    2 Roland Cziurlok
    2 Diana Dennis
    2 Chris Duffy
    2 Amy Fadhli
    2 Bertil Fox
    2 Bev Francis
    2 Madonna Grimes
    2 Alq Gurley
    2 Phil Hernon
    2 John Hnatyschak
    2 Lena Johannesen
    2 Ray McNiel
    2 Barbara Moran
    2 Debbie Muggli
    2 Tony Pearson
    2 Sue Price
    2 Tom Prince
    2 Jim Quinn
    2 Milos Sarcev
    2 Gunter Schlierkamp
    2 John Sherman
    2 Heather Tristany
    2 Rick Valente
    2 Ben Weider

    1 Dinah Anderson
    1 Michelle Andrea
    1 Kathy Aregulin
    1 Mike Ashley
    1 Tim Belknap
    1 Michelle Bellini
    1 Mohamed Benaziza
    1 Francis Benfatto
    1 Bob Birdsong
    1 Ocean Bloom
    1 Mandy Blank
    1 Kim Chizevsky
    1 Chalres Clairmonte
    1 Franco Columbus
    1 Vince Comerford
    1 Clifta Coulter
    1 Laura Creavalle
    1 Lei Lani Dalumpines
    1 David Dearth
    1 John DeFendis
    1 Latia Del Riviero
    1 Chris Dickerson
    1 Carla Dunlap
    1 Rita Dytuco
    1 Dave Fisher
    1 Milamar Flores
    1 Luiz Freitas
    1 Bill Grant
    1 Peal-Jean Guillaume
    1 Audrey Harris
    1 Ian Harrison
    1 Theresa Hessler
    1 Phil Hill
    1 Carla Holmes
    1 Yolanda Hughes
    1 Gea Johnson
    1 Rhonda Jorgensen
    1 Suzan Kaminga
    1 Ed Kawak
    1 Jerome Kelly
    1 Roland Kickinger
    1 Tonya Knight
    1 Marianna Komlos
    1 Greg Kovacs
    1 Marjo Krishi
    1 Ron Love
    1 Lisa Lowe
    1 Timea Majorova
    1 Matt Mandenhall
    1 Denise Masino
    1 Daniel Matusak
    1 Saryn Muldrow
    1 Denise Paglia
    1 Cathey Palyo
    1 Gail Parmelee
    1 Sandi Parmelee
    1 Penny Price
    1 Steve Reeves
    1 Mary Roberts
    1 Leigh Anne Ross
    1 Skye Ryland
    1 Sonny Schmidt
    1 O.J. Simpson
    1 Bill Smith
    1 Dan Smith
    1 Jeff Smullen
    1 Daryl Stafford
    1 Henderson Thorne
    1 D.J. Wallis
    1 Joe Weider
    1 Jusup Wilkosz
    1 Scott Wilson
    1 Jenny Worth
    1 Glen Wulpern
    1 Mary Yockey
    1 Inger Zettervist


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    IFBB All Time Pro Winners
    Updated November 8th, 2004

    On November 6, 2004, Ronnie, at the 2004 Grand Prix Russia, broke the IFBB most pro wins. He added two more wins the following two nights. This is a record that will not be broken for a long time.

    Initial data compiled by Joe Roark, the official IFBB Men's Historian. Although some of these bodybuilders have won more contests, this list is only for IFBB wins.

    Number of
    Wins Name Competitions
    25 Ronnie Coleman 1995 Canada Montreal Pro 1st
    1996 Canada Pro 1st
    1997 Grand Prix Russia 1st
    1998 Toronto Pro 1st
    1998 Night of Champions 1st
    1998 Mr. Olympia 1st
    1998 Grand Prix Germany 1st
    1998 Grand Prix Finland 1st
    1999 Mr. Olympia 1st
    1999 Pro World 1st
    1999 Grand Prix England 1st
    2000 Mr. Olympia 1st
    2000 Pro World
    2000 Grand Prix England 1st
    2001 Arnold Classic 1st
    2001 Mr. Olympia 1st
    2001 Grand Prix New Zealand 1st
    2002 Mr. Olympia 1st
    2002 Grand Prix Holland 1st
    2003 Olympia 1st
    2003 Grand Prix Russia 1st
    2004 Mr. Olympia 1st
    2004 Grand Prix Russia 1st
    2004 Grand Prix Holland 1st
    2004 Grand Prix England 1st
    22 Vince Taylor 1989 Night of Champions 1st
    1991 Pittsburgh Pro 1st
    1991 Danish Grand Prix 1st
    1991 Italian Grand Prix 1st
    1991 Spanish Grand Prix 1st
    1991 Swiss Grand Prix 1st
    1991 Finnish Grand Prix 1st
    1992 Ironman Pro 1st
    1992 Pittsburgh Pro 1st
    1992 Arnold Classic 1st
    1993 San Jose Pro 1st
    1994 Ironman Pro 1st
    1995 Niagara Falls Pro 1st
    1995 Grand Prix Ukraine 1st
    1995 Grand Prix France 1st
    1995 Grand Prix England 1st
    1996 Masters Olympia 1st
    1997 Masters Olympia 1st (40+) & overall
    1998 Arnold Masters 1st;
    1999 Masters Olympia 1st;
    2000 Masters Olympia 1st;
    2001 Masters Olympia 1st
    20 Kevine Levrone 1992 Night of Champions 1st
    1993 Grand Prix Germany 1st
    1993 Grand Prix Germany 1st
    1994 Arnold Classic 1st
    1994 San Jose Pro 1st
    1994 Grand Prix Italy 1st
    1994 Grand Prix France 1st
    1995 Grand Prix Germany 1st
    1995 Grand Prix Russia 1st
    1995 Grand Prix Spain 1st
    1996 Arnold Classic 1st
    1996 San Jose Pro 1st
    1997 Grand Prix Hungary 1st
    1997 Grand Prix Spain 1st
    1997 Grand Prix Germany 1st
    1997 Grand Prix England 1st
    1997 Grand Prix Czech 1st
    1997 Grand Prix Finland 1st
    1998 San Francisco Pro 1st
    2001 Grand Prix England 1st
    16 Flex Wheeler 1993 Ironman Pro 1st
    1993 Arnold Classic 1st
    1993 French Pro 1st
    1993 German Pro 1st
    1995 Ironman Pro 1st
    1995 South Beach Pro 1st
    1996 Ironman Pro 1st
    1996 Night of Champions 1st
    1996 Florida Cup Pro 1st
    1997 Ironman Pro 1st
    1997 Arnold Classic 1st
    1997 San Jose Pro 1st
    1998 Ironman Pro 1st
    1998 Arnold Classic 1st
    2000 Arnold Classic 1st
    2000 Hungarian Pro 1st
    15 Dorian Yates 1991 Night of Championships 1st
    1991 English Grand Prix 1st
    1992 Mr. Olympia 1st
    1992 Grand Prix England
    1993 Mr. Olympia 1st
    1994 Mr. Olympia 1st
    1994 Grand Prix Spain 1st
    1994 Grand Prix Germany 1st
    1994 Grand Prix England 1st
    1995 Mr. Olympia 1st
    1996 Mr. Olympia 1st
    1996 Grand Prix Spain 1st
    1996 Grand Prix Germany 1st
    1996 Grand Prix England 1st
    1997 Mr. Olympia 1st
    11 Lee Haney 1983 Night of Champions 1st
    1983 Grand Prix Caesars 1st
    1984 Mr. Olympia 1st
    1985 Mr. Olympia 1st
    1986 Mr. Olympia 1st
    1987 Mr. Olympia 1st
    1987 Grand Prix Essen 1st
    1988 Mr. Olympia 1st
    1989 Mr. Olympia 1st
    1990 Mr. Olympia 1st
    1991 Mr. Olympia 1st
    11 Susie Curry 1997 World Pro Fitness 1st
    1998 Fitness International 1st
    1999 Fitness International 1st
    2000 Pittsburgh Pro 1st
    2000 Swedish Pro 1st
    2000 Fitness Olympia 1st
    2001 Fitness Olympia 1st
    2002 Fitness International 1st
    2002 Fitness Olympia 1st
    2003 Fitness International 1st
    2003 Fitness Olympia 1st
    10 Chris Dickerson 1979 Canada Pro Cup 1st
    1980 Grand Prix Florida 1st
    1980 Grand Prix California 1st
    1980 Night of Champions 1st
    1980 Canada Pro Cup 1st
    1981 Grand Prix California 1st
    1981 Grand Prix Washington D.C. 1st
    1981 Grand Prix Louisiana 1st
    1981 Night of Champions 1st
    1982 Mr. Olympia 1st
    10 Chris Cormier 1997 Night of Champions 1st
    1999 Ironman 1st
    2000 Ironman Pro 1st
    2001 Ironman Pro 1st
    2001 San Francisco Pro 1st
    2001 Grand Prix Australia 1st
    2002 Ironman Pro 1st
    2002 Grand Prix Austria 1st
    2002 Grand Prix Australia 1st
    2003 Grand Prix Australia 1st;
    9 Rich Gaspari 1986 Pro World 1st
    1986 Los Angeles Pro 1st
    1987 Grand Prix Cannes 1st
    1987 Grand Prix Frankfurt 1st
    1988 Grand Prix Germany 1st
    1988 Grand Prix Spain 1st
    1988 Grand Prix France 1st
    1988 Grand Prix Italy 1st
    1989 Arnold Classic 1st
    9 Robby Robinson 1978 Pro World Cup 1st
    1978 Night of Champions 1st
    1979 Pittsburgh Pro 1st
    1979 Night of Champions 1st
    1979 Best in World 1st
    1979 Diamond Cup 1st
    1988 Niagara Falls Pro 1st
    1991 Montral Musclefest 1st
    1994 Masters Olympia 1st
    8 Arnold Schwarzenegger 1970 Pro World 1st
    1970 Mr. Olympia 1st
    1971 Mr. Olympia 1st
    1972 Mr. Olympia 1st
    1973 Mr. Olympia 1st
    1974 Mr. Olympia 1st
    1975 Mr. Olympia 1st
    1980 Mr. Olympia 1st
    8 Lee Labrada Night of Champions 1st
    1988 Grand Prix Greece 1st
    1988 Grand Prix England 1st
    1988 Grand Prix Spain 1st
    1989 Grand Prix England 1st
    1989 Grand Prix Denmark 1st
    1989 Grand Prix Finland 1st
    1992 Pro World Cup 1st
    8 Mohamed Benaziza 1990 Night of Champions 1st
    1990 Grand Prix German 1st
    1990 Grand Prix Italy 1st
    1990 Grand Prix England 1st
    1990 Grand Prix France 1st
    1990 Grand Prix Finland 1st
    1992 Grand Prix Italian 1st
    1992 Grand Prix Denmark 1st
    8 Jay Cutler 2000 Night of Champions
    2002 Arnold Classic
    2003 Ironman Pro
    2003 Arnold Classic
    2003 San Francisco Pro
    2003 Grand Prix England
    2003 Grand Prix Holland
    2004 Arnold Classic
    8 Lenda Murray 1990 Ms. Olympia 1st
    1991 Ms. Olympia 1st
    1992 Ms. Olympia 1st
    1993 Ms. Olympia 1st
    1994 Ms. Olympia 1st
    1995 Ms. Olympia 1st
    2002 Ms. Olympia 1st
    2003 Ms. Olympia 1st;
    7 Albert Beckles 1981 Grand Prix New England 1st
    1982 Pro World 1st
    1982 Night of Champions 1st
    1984 Pro World 1st
    1984 Grand Prix World 1st
    1985 Night of Champions 1st
    1991 Niagara Falls Pro 1st
    6 Mohamed El Makkawy 1982 Grand Prix Sweden 1st
    1982 Grand Prix Belgium 1st
    1983 Pro World 1st
    1983 Grand Prix Switzerland 1st
    1983 Grand Prix Sweden 1st
    1983 Grand Prix World 1st
    6 Cory Everson 1984 Ms. Olympia 1st
    1985 Ms. Olympia 1st
    1986 Ms. Olympia 1st
    1987 Ms. Olympia 1st
    1988 Ms. Olympia 1st
    1989 Ms. Olympia 1st
    6 Nasser El Sonbaty 1995 Houston Pro 1st
    1995 Night of Champions 1st
    1996 Grand Prix Czech 1st
    1996 Grand Prix Switzerland 1st
    1996 Grand Prix Russia 1st
    1999 Arnold Classic 1st
    6 Kim Chizevsky 1993 Ms. International 1st
    1996 Ms. International 1st
    1996 Ms. Olympia 1st
    1997 Ms. Olympia 1st
    1998 Ms. Olympia 1st
    1999 Ms. Olympia 1st
    5 Mike Christian 1988 U.S. Pro 1st
    1988 Pro World 1st
    1989 European Cup Bilbao 1st
    1989 European Cup Madrid 1st
    1989 European Cup Cologne 1st
    5 Boyer Coe 1981 World Inv Cup 1st
    1981 Grand Prix Belgium 1st
    1981 Grand Prix Wales 1st
    1981 Grand Prix World 1st
    1982 Grand Prix Montreal 1st
    5 Porter Cottrell 1992 Niagara Falls Pro 1st
    1992 Chicago Pro 1st
    1993 Pittsburgh Pro 1st
    1993 Chicago Pro 1st
    1993 Night of Champions 1st
    5 Dexter Jackson 2002 Grand Prix England 1st
    2003 Show of Strength Pro 1st
    2004 Ironman Pro Invitational 1st
    2004 San Francisco Pro Invitational 1st
    2004 Grand Prix Australia 1st


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    WORKING OUT
    and being single

    An original story by Robert D. Rice

    For the longest time the gym was thought to be the place to finally firm those lazy muscles, and tend to all that flab, chores that have been put off for so long. There are countless other reasons why we venture into the uncharted waters of physical exercise. Though in recent years, the local gym is a great place to get in shape, and find that special someone in the mean time. Now comes the task of deciding where to sign up, and be part of the action. Since any moron knows -- including the one writing this article -- it is where the gym resides as to one’s chances of romantic success. Nice surroundings attract nice people.

    The first thing one needs to do is to check out the gym’s exterior maintenance. If the place is to start getting rundown this is where it begins. Are there loose splintered boards hanging? Does the place need a coat of paint? Does the entry level pro shop resembles what’s left in the best store -- in the worst part of town -- after the great clothing riots. As an enthusiastic entrant you will be asked by the receptionist, “ Is there anything you need? “ If all does not seem right the answer will pop up in your mind, “ Yes. More money to be able to afford better accommodations than this. “ Check out the place for cleanliness. Who knows what can be crawling, or airborne. Do the roaches call in the flies and mosquitoes for air support against the uninvited guests. If you’re not sick to your stomach after a few precious moments inside chances are you’ve passed step one. To be grossed, or not grossed-out. That is the question. We will more examine the three basic types of fitness clubs offered to todays tight body wannabe. Let’s go inside.

    The Basic, Low Budget, Facility

    This one usually can be identified by ranchos billboards, and neon signs that blink out of sync. The facility that conspicuously pops-up behind every guard rail, and off ramp, from Maine to Mexico. These are in the twenty dollars a month range. Cleanliness and places like this are usually not on a first name basis. If it weren’t for the noticeably low price, the prospective customer will have wished to put that same money toward a short stack of losing lottery tickets. But you stopped in to take a look. What can go wrong? Initial impressions.

    The lack of floor space is immediately apparent. Everything and everyone is literally on top of each other. The social mingler will see this as ample opportunity to get to know members of the opposite sex; because they’re a captive audience; with everyone within whispering distance. Little do people know, this crampness most often produces that “ Buzz-off. I’m here to work. “ In a recent poll taken by Muscle Illustrated, 62% of those surveyed said they preferred a plentiful amount of floor space, “...So I can lay down and rest to relieve whatever hurts th most.. “

    People types. Overzealous guys, gym rats, muscle animals, tend to gravitate to this type of establishment. It is the no-frills aspect of it that turns on the hard timers -- those who only go around the weight cycle once in life. In this group can easily be women as well; those being of equal dedication to bodybuilding. In a place like this a lifter gets a lot done -- there’s nothing else to do. Showering & storage facilities here should require that everyone get a tetanus shot before you take your socks off. Well, suck it up. What stagnant air there is thick; get lifting and get out and find a real life. The atmosphere for meeting those of the opposite sex are a tough go here; but the atmosphere for physical improvements here is a grungy inspiration. There’s nothing fancy here, just a lot of sweat and strain. Isn’t that the reason we go in the first place? Heck, no. Bring on the chicks and shovel in the beef!

    Mid-level accommodations
    Half way to somewhere

    The mid-level club manages to wet-the-whistle of those who feel they have almost ‘made it ‘ in life; and this move up can only be proof of that. Conclusion. This might be the place to be. The parking lot is where superficial differences are immediately seen. Far fewer potholes are sprinkled between the street and the gym’s entrance. Generally, owners interested enough to maintain the outside, the interior stands a superior chance of being worthwhile. Let’s face it, nobody lays asphalt for free.

    The yearly fee is payable in advance; followed by an additional initiation fee. Some clubs prefer to label it a membership fee. Call it what you will; this, too, is paid in advance. Watch out when paying with a credit card. Should you decide later to cease your association with that club; the burden of proof lay with the health club to notify the credit card company. Your telephoning will not be enough to stop the monthly deductions from being charged to your account.

    If the new member is here solely to socialize they will soon notice attractive bodies got that way from hard work; and the added cost of membership makes them want to get more workout minutes per minute -- equaling less talk; though people on this level tend to be more friendly than at the lower end clubs. To top it off, you’ve seen some of the workout equipment that’s available on some cable show or another; though you cannot remember which one.

    Top of the Line
    Where I will be meets I am.

    Immediately noticeable is the upgrade in the cars that are in the parking lot; not to mention the level of social acceptability of the owners of said cars. If anything can be said of this level health clubs, they give one that long sought after commodity. Status. Saturated here is the over-zealous belief that the attendee has somehow made it.

    All fees are paid in multi-year increments, in advance, or by credit card. There is no canceling the credit charges once this elevated process is engaged. Sixty-two percent of those surveyed in a recent edition of Muscle Illustrated said, they chose the plush, high-end, facility above less costly gyms purely for reasons of social acceptability and name recognition. “ It’s the place to be for meeting people of stature, who could enhance my career at some point. “ Beyond the points of social elevation are the actual advantages that one can absorb. State of the art training equipment. Here, too, is the gratification that the attendee is able to see the exact equipment that is used by the big-boys on popular TV exercise shows. And with that equipment so close to one’s finger tips; now that TV body that was only a fleeting dream can be theirs for the developing.

    Make sure the club that you are interested in has proper insurance coverage’s. Against fire, theft, vandalism, etc. Note: fifty percent of all health clubs go bankrupt during their first five years in business. Be certain to obtain a copy of their insurance carrier, in the event you awaken one day to find the gym has gone soft belly up.


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    Book Review: More Muscle
    By Ron Avidan

    More Muscle was written by Ken Sprague, a best selling author and founder of the first Gold's Gym. More information on how to get this book, published in 1996, can be found at the web site of Human Kinetics.

    The people who read and reveiwed the book found it to be informative, easy to understand, and quite interesting for the average person who wants to have 'more muscle' and get into shape. However, for your benefit, included here are the preface of 'More Muscle', the Table of Contests, and a little bio about Ken Sprague.

    Preface

    The genesis of More Muscle goes back more than 20 years when I was owner of the original Gold's Gym in Venice, California. The notes I began jotting down on both the practice and scientific basis of weight training had the makings of a book. In fact, I remember the original working title: Gold's Gym Science of Sport - a mouthful of pomp and circumstance.

    My work at Gold's Gym offered a unique vantage point. The world's most "hard-core" bodybuilders, weight lifters, and professional athletes trained there, hour after grueling hour, to meet their lofty goals. And the few exercise scientists who were, at that time, studying the effects of weight training, followed the champions' every footstep.

    Many of the gym members were everyday people, from all walks of life, with more modest training goals. Some were weight training for fitness, some for improved sports performance, some to achieve a more attractive appearance. Yet, however different the training goals for elite and average lifters may have been, all lifters had one thing in common: a desire for physical change.

    More Muscle will help you achieve the positive physical changes you seek. If you are a high school or college athlete who wants to improve your strength and power, a well-developed bodybuilder who wants to look even more cut and buffed, or a fitness enthusiast who lifts regularly at home or the gym to get in better muscular shape, this book is for you.

    In More Muscle you'll find man exceptional features, including the following:

    * A no-nonsense explanation of why weight training works.
    * Information-packed sections explaining the capabilities, special stresses, and the care and repair of the weight trainer's body.
    * Chapters that address your specific training goals. Is it more muscle mass you want, more strength, or more muscular endurance?
    * Fully illustrated exercises for both free weights and machines
    * Sample basic, advanced. and sport-specific lifting programs.

    More Muscle is a composite of the training programs and opinions of those thousands of successful gym members, from Arnold Schwarzenegger who I saw every day in the gym, to men and women less renowned but equally content with their weight training achievements. More Muscle is also a personal statement, based on my 35 years of weight-training experience and a formal education that includes a Phi Beta Kappa key in science.

    Part I prepares you for the training programs to come with a foundation of muscle building knowledge combining practical experience with the latest scientific research. Broad concepts of biology and physics are presented in terms of their significance for the weight trainer.

    Part II is devoted to training, both how-to advice and supplementary information that brings the advice to life. Your personal training goals determine which training approach is for you: more muscular strength and power; more muscular endurance; or more muscular mass.

    Part III is full of sound strategies for nutrition. weight gain or loss, and injury prevention; strategies that have worked for a generation of champions.

    Let me add a final, important point about you and More Muscle. Whether you want more muscle, more strength, or more endurance, the two most important ingredients in reaching your goals are motivation and expertise.

    Here is the table of contents of the book 'More Muscle'.

    Table of Contents
    Part one: How the Weight Trainer's Body Works

    Chapter 1: Basic Muscle Science

    # Muscle Work Through Contractions
    # The Operating Strength of Muscle
    # Overload; The Driver of Muscle Changes

    Chapter 2: Basic Cardiovascular Science

    # The Weight Trainer's Unromantic Heart
    # Blood and Gases
    # Transporting Heat, the By-Product of Contractions
    # Cardiovascular Training: The Basics
    # Super Strength and Cardiovascular Endurance Don't Mix

    Chapter 3: The Mind Body Connection

    # The Brain: A Living Computer
    # Smarter Nerves
    # Tissue Remembrance: Returning after a Layoff
    # System Interactions
    # Motivation: You've Gotta Want It!

    Chapter 4: Genetics

    # Who has more muscles, Mr. Universe or Miss America?
    # Interfering with Nature: Steroids
    # Genetics and Physical Characteristics

    Chapter 5: Age Specific Training Factors

    # Kids and Weight Training
    # Adolescence: The Growth Spurt
    # Getting Older (than 30)

    Part Two: Getting More Muscle From Your Training

    Chapter 6: More Muscular Strength and Power

    # First of all: What is Strength?
    # Strength and Power: The Dynamic Duo
    # Sets, Reps, Weight, and Training Days
    # Strength and Power Training Programs

    Chapter 7: More Muscular Endurance

    # No Pain, No Gain?
    # The Connection Between Strength and Muscular Endurance
    # Stick to Specifics
    # Muscular Endurance Training Programs

    Chapter 8: More Muscle Mass

    # Want Big Arms? Work the Legs
    # The 'Pump-Up". Extra Energy for Working Muscles
    # Bodybuilding: Isolation Exercises
    # Muscle Mass Training Programs

    Chapter 9: Lifting Techniques and Tips

    # Thigh Exercises
    # Calf Exercises
    # Chest Exercises
    # Back Exercisers
    # Shoulder Exercises
    # Biceps Exercises
    # Triceps Exercises
    # Abdominal Exercises

    Part Three: Maintaining the Weight Trainer's Body

    Chapter 10: The Table to Muscle Diet

    # Well Balanced: A Little of Everything
    # Counting Calories
    # Basic Nutrients

    Chapter 11: Weight Gain, Weight Loss

    # The Body Feeds on Itself
    # Gaining Muscle while Losing Weight? It won't happen.
    # Bulk Up, Cut Down
    # Spot Reducing: It's in the Eye
    # Selective Muscle Loss
    # Getting Better, not just Bigger
    # Crash Weight Loss: A Homeostatic Shock!

    Chapter 12: Training Safely and Nursing Injuries

    # Rules for Safe Training
    # Emergency Treatment: Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation
    # Common (and Uncommon) Muscle Injuries
    # Long Term Maintenance Strategies
    # Returning after a Layoff

    About the Author

    Ken Sprague is a pioneer and a giant in the fitness industry. He owned and operated the original Gold's Gym in Venice Beach, California, for more than a decade. Under his leadership, the gym grew from a small business that grossed less than $20,000 a year to a world-famous, multimillion dollar conglomerate of fitness related businesses and entertainment events with more than 400 locations worldwide.

    Because of this great success, Ken has been featured in hundreds of magazineand newspaper articles as well as on many television shows, including 60 Minutes, Good Morning America, and The Regis Philbin Show.

    Ken has 35 years of practical weight training experience as well as a Phi Beta Kappa science degree from the University of Oregon and advanced training in sports physiology and psychology. During his career, he has used his expertise to train dozens of world and national weight lifting and bodybuilding champions. He has also shared his knowledge by lecturing on weight training and by writing several books on the subject. The Gold's Gym Book of Weight Training, Ken's first book, raised the public's interest in working out with weights and was a catalyst for the fitness boom of the 1970s and 80s. His other books include The Gold's Gym Book of Strength Training for Athletes, The Gold's Gym Book of Bodybuilding, The Athlete's Body, Sports Strength, and Weight and Strength Training for Kids and Teenagers.

    As an organizer of weight training and bodybuilding events, Ken has also been very successful. During his years at Gold's Gym, he directed National and International bodybuilding championships, Mr. America competitions, National Powerlifting championships, and the first women's bodybuilding exhibition. Today, Ken continues- to write, teach, coach, and lecture about weight training. In his leisure time, he enjoys doing carpentry, taking fossil hunting field trips, and cross training with his wife, Donna. and their son, Chris.


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    Book Review: Enter the Zone
    By Josh Logan

    There have been many comments on this book, some thinking this is a great book; others don't believe in this theory at all.

    The full title of this book is 'Enter The Zone' - a dietary road map to: lose weight permanently, reset your genetic code, prevent disease, achieve maximum physical performance and enhance mental productivity. The author is Dr. Barry Sears Phd. Doctor Sears is a pioneer in biotechnology, developing drug delivery systems for cancer and heart patients and holds 12 patents for cancer treatments and dietary control of hormonal responses.

    The reader is obviously aware of the vast multitude of 'diet' books, by the way, there is an absolute 'glut' of such material. I am not a worshiper of the printed word. If you take the printed word as gospel, you may die of a misprint! Keeping this attitude in mind, I ask you to listen to the following with an open mind.

    This book, THE ZONE, is the result of many years of research, application and testing. At first it sounds too good to be true, a dietary program that benefits overall health, improves athletic performance, mental acuity, and strongly encourages healing in many serious illnesses. From personal experience I suspect that these claims are, in fact, well founded.

    Presently, the accepted dietary practice is that fat is bad; therefore eat little fat. Companies spend many millions of dollars to come out with 'low fat' or 'fat free' products! Carbohydrates are wonderful clean foods, eat them in abundance. Protein practices vary with the program being advocated. Some diets recommend large amounts of protein, while other programs say low protein.

    Depending on how and what you eat, and your level of physical activity, you can either burn fat or not! This fat (that is burned) is both that fat that you consume as food and/or available fat stores in your body. Fat is a wonderful source of energy! Why not use it? How do you encourage the body to enter the Fat Burning Zone all the time and in the process create a favorable hormonal balance for robust health?

    According to THE ZONE, the dietary program that does this consists of the These come from a certain Zone: favorable foods not just anything! Let's begin at the beginning: First, Dr. Sears says you must know your percent of bodyfat. Using a tape measure, he shows you how to approximate your body fat percentage; there are different procedures for men and women. Once you have your percent bodyfat you must determine your level of activity using a physical activity table in the book. For example: a sedentary male of 150 pounds of lean body mass would require 75 grams of complete protein a day. If he did 1 hour per day of moderate exercise 5 days a week, he would require 120 grams per day. If he did heavy weight training or twice a day intense exercise, he would require 150 grams per day. In otherwords, lean body mass and level of activity determine your protein requirements! Great protein sources are lean poultry, all fish, egg whites, fat free cottage cheese, protein drinks, etc. Dr. Sears calls portions "blocks" and he has a great way of quickly understanding how much of a food you need to eat and in what proportions. You can measure with scales, or Dr. Sears gives an easy way to approximate portions quickly just by eyesight.

    Next come your carbohydrate needs. All carbs are not created equal! I can hear you say 'I know that, there are sugars and complex carbs like starches'. Well, it is not that simple! Favorable carbs have a low glycemic index, they enter the bloodstream slowly, raise blood sugar levels slowly, and produce a moderate insulin response. High on the list of these foods (glycemic index 30-50%) are: barley, oatmeal (slow-cooking), whole-grain rye bread, apples, pears, grapes, peaches, kidney beans, lentils, black eyed peas, lima beans, etc. Very undesirable are all the boxed breakfast cereals, white bread, brown rice (yes), bananas, raisins, ice cream (low fat), etc. Your portions will be equal (in terms of calories) to that of your protein portions. Extensive tables of desirability and portion sizes for carbohydrates are provided, they are easy to use. Simple carbohydrates are an addiction, after a week or so on a Zone favorable diet these carbo cravings will leave you! True story!

    Next come fats: the best says Dr. Sears are high in monounsaturated fats like: almond butter, olive oil, olives, avocado, tahini, peanuts, etc. Dr. Sears loves olive oil. Very undesirable are butter, cream, cream cheese, vegetable shortening, sour cream, egg yolks, fats from red meats, etc. I can hear you saying 30% from fats! That isn't healthy! Not, necessarily so; your overall caloric intake will not be high. And remember you are seeking out certain fats. Personally I think olive oil is holy, holy stuff; Olive Oil has been kept for 7 years without refrigeration in a cool dry place without going rancid! Mediterranean diets use olive oil abundantly along with garlic and moderate wine intake. The health of these people is relatively good! Of course, the poorer people get lots of physical exercise, A zone favorable diet is medium in carbs, medium in protein, and believe or not low in overall fat intake!

    Let's drop in to 'science class' for a minute. All the very popular high carbohydrate diets cause a rapid rise in blood sugar. To prevent excessive blood sugar levels, the body produces the hormone insulin, which acts to store blood sugar in the muscle and liver in the form of glycogen and any excess as body fat! The problem is that too much blood sugar is stored away and the brain is deprived of adequate amounts of its only fuel, glucose. So, because of low blood sugar, you begin to feel tired, moody, blood sugar prevents the release of fat from the adipose tissue and forces you to burn sugars (glucose) for energy. Excess carbs are converted to and stored as fat, and if the diet is low in protein, this can cause loss of lean body mass (LBM) which further lowers the metabolism. In this case you are 'above the Zone'.

    What happens if you are 'below the Zone'. A meal high in proteins and low in carbs and fats will decrease the blood sugar. The lack of carbs will also cause ketosis, which will inhibit the release of the fat-burning hormone, glucagon. Ketosis also causes the loss of lean body mass and slows the metabolism.

    What happens 'in the Zone'. A meal with medium amounts of carbs, protein and low in fats (a bagel with nonfat cream cheese and 2 oz sliced turkey) will stabilize blood sugar. The appropriate ratio of carbo / protein / fat will stimulate the release of glucagon, which will maintain your lean body mass, increase overall metabolism, and allow the release and utilization of stored body fat for energy allowing you to access your fat burning zone!

    Admittedly, eating this way the first week can be difficult. First, you have to be sure to take in your necessary protein requirement. Second, you are not eating a lot of food, meals appear small. Give it time as your body readjusts, especially if you are very active. By the first or second week, you will begin to feel a sense of lightness and mental clarity that is most welcome. I went from 190 pounds, 13% body fat to 183 pounds, 9% in a week and a half! Keep in mind this is not typical, I have a high metabolism. That was after a long time of being unable to 'lean down' on the conventional high carbo diet with lots of aerobic activity. By the way, a Zone favorable diet greatly improves oxygen transport at a cellular level; at which your endurance start to improve. Please don't break any treadmills.

    This book review is meant only as an introduction. THE ZONE is presently only available in hard back. If you are happy with your energy level, appearance and percent body fat right now: congratulations!! Really, that's great. If you are eager to make improvements in strength (one rep limit lifts), power (like vertical jumps), endurance (like aerobics) and lean down your percent body fat then this book is must reading.

    I welcome feedback from you the readers. I am eager to hear your experiences and results with this program. The Zone can be used with the seriously ill, overweight, healthy (who want more energy) and the serious amateur and professional athletes! Good luck.


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    Book Review: Taste of Club Creavalle
    By Ron Avidan

    With many people always asking what can you eat besides chicken, and tuna for meals, Laura Creavalle has put together her second cookbook with great tasting, and low fat meals. Every recipe in this book contains the breakdown for calories, carbs, protein and fat.

    Laura recommends that you take 1 gram of protein per 1 pound of bodyweight, or if you weight 150 pounds, you need 150 gram of protein per day. Limit your fat intake to also no more than 20% per day of your calorie intake. Also with carbohydrates, you should consume between 1 - 2 grams of carbs per pound of bodyweight. The leaner you are, the more carbs you can eat without gaining fat.

    This cookbook provides ideas for Pick Me Ups, Vegetarian Dinners, Dinner's in a Hurry, Menu's from Around the World, and many others. It also provides cooking tips, tips to bake excellent fat-free and low-fat desserts, and some of the best recipes for meals and desserts out there. To contact Laura, or to get the cookbook, write to Club Creavalle, P.O. Box 557, Old Orchard Beach, Maine, 04064.

    Introduction by Laura Creavalle

    I decided to put together my second cookbook, after many months of personal debate. I already published one cookbook, The Lite Lifestyle back in 1990 and it continues to sell quite well. The recipes in that book are fat free and sugar free. Many people who I have cooked for or who purchased the book compliment me on the recipes. So why should I put together a new book?

    For the last three years, my husband and I have been running a bodybuilding camp in Main. It runs each weekend from May to October. We host four people each weekend. Most of the clientele are couples, and most desire to learn the basics of the core essentials required to build a lean physique; those being training and nutrition. We provide each client with a personal nutrition program. We tech nutrition in an informal 'classroom' type setting. Our nutritional goal is to educate. We have our clientele to be able to leave Maine with the knowledge required to build and customize a diet that works for them. We also spend six to eight hours in the gym over the three day periods, teaching and correcting technique and form.

    Collectively, we have over 25 years of training experience. We have trained hundreds of people as well as many top bodybuilders. We feel that someone attending our camp will learn the right way to train. Many people train for years and make absolutely no progress because they simply lack the knowledge and experience required to effectively train with weights. We save them time, and frustration by showing, teaching and demonstrating the smart way to work out.

    Well, it has been four years since we started out bodybuilding camp. We have had the pleasure of meeting people from almost every state and we have hosted several foreigners. I would guess we enjoy near a 100% success rate judging by the letters we have received from former clients. All seem to believe their weekend excursion in Main was time well spent. Most surprising is the un-ending comments I receive about the foods I serve. Yes, people write to say thank you, to comment on the thorough instruction, but most sing praises of the great tasting, low fat foods. A great many, also request recipes from meals I served that can not be found in the Lite Lifestyle. I have been sending recipes out for fours years, one by one. My husband has been urging me to put together all of the recipes I serve and put them into a book, so I don't have to mail out the recipes requested. I have finally done it, and I hope you approve.


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    Nitric Oxide Supplements Review
    By Mike Westerdal of CriticalBench.com

    Nitric Oxide Supplement Review

    Nitric Oxide (NO) is a gas that that is important to a broad range of bodily functions including controlling blood circulation and helping to regulate activities of the brain, lungs, kidneys, stomach and plenty more. For the most part it facilitates communications among cells. For bodybuilders, the most interesting process in which NO is involved is the dilation of blood vessels. This is known as vasodilation and that is exactly why you should be interested in NO and what it can do to improve your performance.

    NO Supplement NitroGainVasodilation refers to an increase in the flow of blood through the body, which means faster and more efficient delivery of nutrients like amino acids, creatine, glucose, and oxygen to the muscle fibers. This helps your muscles to grow bigger and recover faster while facilitating the removal of waste products like lactic acid and CO2 that can decrease performance. Greater blood flow also enhances the delivery of anabolic hormones like testosterone, growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-I, all of which are important for muscle growth. Other benefits of increased blood flow include reduced inflammation and a bigger and longer-lasting "pump," too.

    In our bodies NO is synthesized by L-arginine by an enzyme called nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). This catalyzes the conversion of L-arginine to nitric oxide and citrulline. Under normal conditions our bodies produce it only in very small amounts-enough to do what needs to be done and that's it. Production of NO is increased during exercise but not necessarily to the degree that we'd like to see. Some of the numerous benefits of boosting our bodies' output of nitric oxide include:

    * Increased vasodilation, which increases blood flow to the skeletal muscles, which improves the transportation of oxygen and the delivery of nutrients to the cells;


    * Increased strength and improved stamina;


    * Gains in lean mass;


    * Enhanced, more rapid muscle recovery;


    * Improved endurance; and


    * Extended muscle pump.

    Numerous studies such as one conducted at the University of Texas, have shown that supplements can boost the body's production of nitric oxide more than just exercise alone. Another study published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology showed that a pre-workout stack of L-arginine combined with citrulline can boost measurably boost nitric oxide levels. Their research showed that the combination of the two supplements increased nitric oxide levels more than either supplement taken alone.

    NO Supplement Review

    There are a lot of different NO-boosting supplements on the market. Knowing what was discovered in the British study though, in looking for supplements to boost your NO output, you might want to look for one that contains not only L-arginine but citrulline as well. There are other ways to up your body's NO production as well including:

    * Don't eat fatty foods within four hours of working out: A study conducted at the University of Maryland School of Medicine in Baltimore showed that high-feat meals hamper the ability of NO to dilate the blood vessels for up to four hours;


    * Eat watermelon: Several studies such as one conducted at Texas A&M University indicate that watermelon contains NO-boosting molecules;


    * Eat cocoa: A study conducted at the University of California, Davis showed that cocoa boosts nitric oxide levels. Chocolate contains flavanols that are similar to those found in fruit, red wine and teas. One flavanol in particular though-epicatechin-is directly linked to increases in NO output. A teaspoon or two of cocoa extract is enough to stimulate NO production.


    You should also know about a possible side effect. Specific dosing guidelines have not been established so don't go too overboard supplementing with L-arginine because you might just wind up with a case of diarrhea. It's not very common but it does happen. If you're supplementing with L-arginine you should start with a low dosage to understand your body's tolerances and see if you have any side effects. Increase your dosage until you achieve the optimal balance of maximum benefits/no side effects. Also, remember to consider other supplements that your might be taking because many of them are fortified with amino acids including arginine.

    Most of the heavy duty research into the science of muscle growth is relatively new with the majority of the really interesting stuff just happening in the last 10-15 years. The point being that research into the benefits of NO is just really starting to gain ground. I have no doubt that in the next few years we'll be hearing a lot more about what this amazing molecule can do-not just for the muscles but for the entire body.

    NitroGain NO supplement - Get the muscle pumpNitroGain - NO Supplement

    The Pump. Discover how you can use its anabolic effects to build the physique you’ve always wanted…

    NitroGain uses a highly effective delivery system, developed and patented by a leading pharmaceutical company, to insure 100% of the nitric oxide inducing ingredients get delivered and absorbed for maximum results.


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    Beta Alanine Supplement Review
    By Mike Westerdal of CriticalBench.com

    Beta Alanine Supplement Review

    Beta Alanine (BA) is a popular supplement widely used by athletes and bodybuilders to improve performance. BA is a non-essential amino acid and is the only naturally occurring beta amino acid. It is "non-essential" because it is produced in our bodies. Some bodybuilders are touting BA as the "new creatine" because of its purported ability to enhance performance-let's see what the facts say and find out if it's really true.

    Amino acids of course are organic compounds that are the building blocks of protein, which in turn is the primary fuel for muscle growth. And though BA-also known as-3-aminopropanoic acid-is an amino acid, it is in fact a non-proteinogenic amino acid, which means that it cannot be synthesized into a protein. Since it can't be synthesized into a protein, how does BA improve performance?

    The efficacy of BA appears to stem from the fact that it's a pre-cursor to converting to carnosine in muscles. That's important to know because in our bodies, muscle carnosine synthesis is limited by the availability of beta-alanine. And you may already know that carnosine is important to performance because it acts as a buffering agent, helping to delay the onset of muscular failure. So the theory goes that an increase in the availability of BA should result in a higher degree of muscle carnosine synthesis, which should result in enhanced performance.

    In talking about alanine, you've probably also heard about a-alanine. Though they sound similar, BA and a-alanine are really very different from one another-and the difference is important to know. For example, whereas a-alanine is involved in enzyme function and protein synthesis, beta-alanine is not. Unlike a-alanine, BA's role appears to be solely limited to fostering higher levels of muscle carnosine.

    Beta Alanine Supplement Review Over the past several years, a number of researchers have decided to put this theory to the test. For instance, one group of researchers studied a group of 33 college football players over a period of ten weeks. They found a clear connection between BA supplementation and enhanced performance.

    Another study, conducted at the University of Oklahoma, showed that supplementing with BA measurably improved athletes' endurance. Other studies have shown similar results.

    Like I mentioned earlier, the theory is that BA results in an increase of muscle carnosine concentrations and test results appear to confirm that. In another trial, among a group of 13 athletes supplementing with BA, their muscle carnosine levels were measured at 4 weeks and at 10 weeks. After 4 weeks, the carnosine level had jumped by nearly 59% and had skyrocketed more than 80% after 10 weeks.

    Interestingly, when BA is taken along with creatine, the outcome is even better. In another study, participants took not only BA, but creatine as well. These tests showed that the performance of the creatine plus BA group was significantly higher than both the creatine-alone and the placebo groups.

    The trials that included both supplements showed a synergism between the two that considerably improved the results over the control group and those that supplemented just with BA. In these tests-in comparison to the other two groups-the duo supplement athletes showed a greater increase in their training volume, their strength was greater, their endurance was improved, they added lean mass and dropped body fat.

    In fact, in the studies this group showed a more than 1% drop in overall body fat percentage despite the fact that they were not on a calorie-restricted diet. Again, the synergism between the creatine and BA appears to kick the body's metabolism into high gear, resulting in significantly increased fat burning capacity. That may not seem like a big difference but if you're competing, it can make a world of difference. It's especially interesting because neither supplement-when taken alone-has been identified with a decrease in body fat percentage.

    Beta Alanine Supplement Review

    Because BA is a non-essential nutrient, there is no established recommended daily allowance for human consumption. In the research studies I mentioned, the daily BA dosage ranged from 3.2 grams to 6 grams. As you can see, in the studies the impact of BA hit its max at about 10 weeks.

    So based on both a battery of scientific studies, along with plenty of anecdotal evidence, there seems to be little doubt that beta-alanine can certainly be a worthwhile and effective supplement-especially if it is taken along with creatine. Not only could it result in improved performance and endurance but the combination could also help you to add lean mass and drop your body fat percentage by a point or two-definitely things we like to see.


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    The #1 Supplement Mistake That Will Sabotage Your Results!
    By Jeff Anderson "The Muscle Nerd"

    The #1 Supplement Mistake That Will Sabotage Your Results!

    Last night before bed I totally FORGOT to take my...

    ...zinc
    ...GABA
    ...melatonin
    ...BCAA's
    ...and L-Arginine!

    Oh MY!

    Ok...this may not seem like all that big of a deal to you, right?

    But the fact is, FORGETTING to take whatever supplements you include in your training and nutritional program is the #1 way to waste your money...

    ...and sabotage your results!

    Sure, there are some supplements that you "feel" working right away.

    Caffeine is one of them and I use it in quite often in my own personal supplement recipes I show you how to make in my Homemade Supplement Secrets program.

    But many supplements require you to take them religiously for a period of time as they continue to slowly help you achieve your goals.

    The #1 Supplement Mistake That Will Sabotage Your Results!

    Forgetting to take them at the prescribed time in the right doses may not help you achieve the desired results and while you may blame the supplement for not "performing"...

    ...it could be that YOU are the one to blame!

    A Supplement Lesson From My Grandmother...

    That's right...you can learn something from dear old Granny on this one!

    I mean, who better to teach you how to stay on track with your supplements than someone who has to take about 20 or so every day at very specific times?

    And you wanna know her "secret weapon"?

    Just go down to your local drug store or pharmacy and pick up one of those small "1-Week Pill Compartment" thingies!

    You know the ones...they have a bunch of small compartments with "S-M-T-W-T-F-S" on the covers.

    I actually have one that has 3 compartments for each day of the week for my morning, afternoon, and evening supplements.

    Then I set my cell phone's alarm to go off every day at the right time and remind me to take my "pills".

    EASY!

    Except that last night my phone died and I spaced out on my "PM formulas"!

    Hey...it's not foolproof...but Granny knows best!


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